Time to explore Georgia’s modern and very ancient history. In this tour you would explore Uplistikhe, cave town where Georgians started to settle down, Mtskheta- the old capital of Georgia and finally, Gori. City known as a birth place of Stalin, the most famous (infamous) Georgian in world history. Jvari-Mtskheta-Gori-Uplistikhe will let you explore Georgian history.
|DEPARTURE TIME||Morning, around 9-10am.|
|RETURN TIME||Evening, around 8-9 pm.|
|WEAR||Comfortable clothing, depending on the weather.|
Firstly, we would visit old capital of Georgia, Mtskheta and its famous UNESCO heritage monuments (Jvari and Svetitkhovel). Later, you would travel through Georgian highway, visit Gori, museum of Stalin. After we would continue our trip to Uplistikhe and discover ancient cave town.
|Destination||Ananuri, Gudauri, Jvari, Mtskheta|
9.00 AM – 11.00 AM: Transportation to Mtskheta, Jvari
- Pick up from your hotel;
- JVARI(Monastery of the Holy Cross VI century) is one of the most outstanding monuments of medieval Georgia, located on Mount Armazi at the confluence of the Mtkvari and Aragvi rivers, overlooking the ancient town of Mtskheta. View from the top is simply mesmerizing.It is said that, there was a pagan temple on the site of the monastery. After the adoption of Christianity in Georgia in the early IV century, here, at the peak of the mountain, Saint Nino erected a large wooden cross, destroying pagan temple symbolizing the baptism of Georgia. According to legend, the the cross was reportedly able to work miracles and therefore drew pilgrims from all over the Caucasus, attracting pilgrims from all over the Caucasus, A small church was erected over the remnants of the wooden cross in named the “Small Church of Jvari”. The present building, or “Great Church of Jvari”, is generally held to have been built later. It is known that the churches throughout Georgia were repeatedly destroyed during the invasions, but Jvari came to us almost untouched.Jvari temple is one of the most remarkable achievements of the ancient Georgian architecture, and without exaggeration, the most popular monument of Georgia, perceived as an immortal symbol of the national genius. Since 1994 Jvari is a World Heritage Site.
- MTSKHETA is one of the oldest cities of the country and its first capital. The city is located among rocky mountains, at the confluence of the Aragvi and Mtkvari rivers. The historical monuments of Mtskheta are a Unesco World Heritage Site. The city is just a few kilometers away from Tbilisi. It has a number of very important Georgian religious, historical and cultural sites so this is why the city is often referred as “Second Jerusalem”. In fact Mtskheta is the only place in Georgia where you can find so many important historical monuments so close to each other. It was a site of early Christian activity, and place where Christianity was proclaimed the state religion of Georgia.The main attraction of Mtskheta is the Svetithkhoveli Cathedral, which names is translated as “the Living Pillar”. The history of this place won’t leave anyone indifferent, because according to the legend Christ’s Robe or Christ’s Mantle is buried under this very place. You can witness lots of treasures and relics of the Georgian Ortodox Church inside the cathedral. According to Georgian tradition, in the first century a Georgian Jew from Mtskheta named Elias was in Jerusalem when Jesus was crucified. Elias bought Jesus’ robe from a Roman soldier at Golgotha and brought it back to Georgia. Upon his return to his native city, he was met by his sister Sidonia who upon touching the robe immediately died from the emotions engendered by the holy object. The robe could not be removed from her grasp, so she was buried with it. The place where Sidonia is buried, with Christ’s robes is preserved in the Cathedral. Svetitskhoveli cathedral is the main residence of the Georgian Orthodox Church.
11.00 AM – 1.00 PM: Travelling through Georgian Highway to Gori
Gori. This city is famous for one person, who was born in these places. This man’s name is Joseph Dzhugashvili, better known as Joseph Stalin. To this day, the central street of the city bears his name, and his bronze statue stands proudly on the central square. The main attraction of the city is also associated with Joseph Stalin. It is the Museum of Joseph Stalin, which consists of three blocks. This is the museum itself, which is simply imbued with the spirit of the Soviet time. In the center of Gori, on a hill there is a medieval fortress Goristsikhe. The fortress was built in the times of the legendary Georgian king David the Builder. Historians claim that the fortress was built on the site of an earlier, more ancient fortification. The fortress is well preserved to this day, on top there is a wonderful view of the entire city and the surrounding mountains.
1.00 PM – 3.00 PM: Travelling to Uplitistikhe
Just 12 kilometers east of the town of Gori is one of the first and ancient cities of Georgia. Uplistsikhe was carved in a rock and originated in the early first millennium B.C, so it is one of the most important archeological sites and monuments of the Georgian culture. The Uplistsikhe complex covers an area of approximately 8 hectares.